Infection Prevention with Apple Cider Vinegar: The Evidence

INFECTION-PREVENTIONwithAPPLE-CIDER-VINEGARWe’ve all heard of the term ‘superfoods’ by now. But have you heard of ‘superliquid’? Well, if someone does come up with that list, we are sure that Apple Cider Vinegar would be on it. From controlling diabetes to preventing heart disease; helping people lose weight by curbing appetites and relieving allergies. The medical uses for apple cider vinegar are, indeed, numerous. Here, we present the evidence on its infection preventing properties.

1. Apple Cider Vinegar helps prevent food contamination

Most of the scientific evidence available talks about its antimicrobial powers in preventing food contamination. In particular, various studies have shown that it reduces contamination with organisms such as E.Coli (which causes diarrhea), Listeria Monocytogenes (which causes listeriosis), and Salmonella Typhimurium (which causes typhoid fever). Vinegars were compared to other methods of washing produce prior to cooking in these scenarios and produced favorable results.

2. Treating fungal infections with Apple Cider Vinegar

A more recent study published by researchers in the 2011 Thi-Qar Medical Journal revealed surprising properties of Apple Cider Vinegar against the fungus, Candida Albicans. This study was performed in the laboratory to compare the effects of Apple Cider Vinegar to traditional antifungal drugs of Western medicine, in particular Fluconazole. They targeted patients with otomycosis, a condition where the ear canal is infected with a fungus.

Otomycosis is on the rise worldwide because of the widespread use of steroids and other medications that can suppress the immune system. Ear swabs from these patients showed that the 2 most common fungi colonies were Candida Albicans and Aspergillus Species. They then tested the response of the fungus to both treatments. Amazingly, results showed that the effectiveness of Apple Cider Vinegar against Candida was even better than Fluconazole. Both were effective against Aspergillus, but Fluconazole did not inhibit the growth of Candida. On the other hand, apple cider vinegar did!

Based on these study results, it was suggested that apple cider vinegar could prove to be a safer add-on therapy or substitute treatment for fungal infections. Granted, this was only a small study involving 18 patients, but results like theirs can’t be refuted and this will surely lead to bigger clinical trials soon.

3. Using Apple Cider Vinegar to treat infections

Apple cider vinegar can be used in a variety of ways for medicinal purposes. The National Candida Center in America talks about a daily douching method for vaginal yeast infections using 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar with 1 cup of warm filtered water. Dr. Theresa Ramsey, a naturopathic doctor and author, gives the suggestion of using it as tonic gargle by adding 1 teaspoon to half a cup of water in cases of acute tonsillitis infections. She also recommends using apple cider vinegar as a topical treatment for athlete’s foot, rashes, calluses, acne and warts.

A long history of successACV_Shop_ad_CoralTree

The benefits of apple cider vinegar have been recorded all the way back to ancient Greek times in 3000 BC. The ancient Chinese, Japanese and European people also used it considerably. It’s intriguing that in today’s modern world, we are still using a product that was discovered thousands of years ago. But, we think that just proves its amazing abilities. That’s why the saying goes, “to eat an apple before going to bed will make the doctor beg for his bread”. So, come and check out our full product range!

See for yourself how taking CoralTree’s organic, unfiltered Apple Cider Vinegar regularly might just help you skip that visit to the doctor. Order your CoralTree Organic Apple Cider Vinegar online now.


References on Apple Cider Vinegar and Treating Infections

(1) Jabir HB et al. In vitro assessment of antifungal potential of apple cider vinegar and acetic acid versus fluconazole in clinical isolates of otomycosis. Thi-Qar Medical Journal (TQMJ): Vol(5) No(1):2011(126-133)

(2) Johnston CS, Gaas CA. Vinegar: Medicinal Uses and Antiglycemic Effect. MedGenMed. 2006; 8(2): 61

(3) VIjayakumar C, Wolf-Hall CE. Minimum bacteriostatic and bactericidal concentrations of household sanitizers for Escherichia coli strains in tryptic soy broth. Food Microbiology

Volume 19, Issue 4, August 2002, Pages 383–388

(4) Rhee MS et al. Antimicrobial Effects of Mustard Flour and Acetic Acid against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. May 2003 vol. 69 no. 5 2959-2963

(5) Molina PM et al. Effects of acidic broth and juices on the growth and survival of verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC). Food Microbiology

Volume 22, Issue 5, October 2005, Pages 469–473

(6) Alternative medicine & treatments for vaginal yeast infection (2014) Available at: (Accessed: 16 May 2016).

(7) Raw organic apple cider vinegar – many uses (2016) Available at: (Accessed: 16 May 2016).

Apple Cider Vinegar and Heart Disease: The Evidence

Apple-Cider-Vinegar-and-Heart-Disease-_-The-EvidenceDid you know that you could prevent or improve heart disease with just two teaspoons of our apple cider vinegar a day? That’s cheaper than any medication available on the market! But you don’t just have to take our word for it. This fact has been proven by medical science over and over again.

One study showed that vinegar or acetic acid solution mixed with a normal diet in rats reduced their systolic blood pressure (that’s the top number on the blood pressure reading) by up to 20mmHg! Vinegar lowered the activity of renin and aldosterone by up to 40% and 25% respectively. Renin and aldosterone are two hormones in the body that work to increase blood pressure. So, lowering their activity would enable better control of the disease.

Translating this to a human trial, a lower risk of fatal heart disease was reported in the Nurses’ Health Study, a study that involved thousands of people. This particular benefit was seen in nurses who consumed salads topped with oil and vinegar dressings regularly. Now, you might think it could have been the vegetables that produced this result. Or, maybe the healthy oil which was rich in omega-3. But, in fact, it was the vinegar. How do we know? This group of nurses was compared to a second group who regularly ate salads with creamy mayonnaise-based dressings. Vegetables? Check. Oil rich in omega-3? Check. But no vinegar. And also no benefit in the reduction of heart disease.

Another way apple cider vinegar contributes to heart health is by balancing lipid profiles. High levels of a compound, known as chlorogenic acid, stop the bad cholesterol from getting oxidized in the arteries. To demonstrate this, researchers investigated the effect of taking apple cider vinegar for 4 weeks in rats. This was studied on both normal and diabetic rats. In the normal group, the bad cholesterol (LDL) was lowered by 47% and the good cholesterol (HDL) increased by 34%. In the diabetic group, the amount of triglycerides was reduced and the amount of HDL also increased. In both groups, therefore, apple cider vinegar proved to be of great value in managing cholesterol.

ACV_Shop_ad_CoralTreeScientific evidence certainly backs up the fact that fruits and vegetables may decrease the development of chronic diseases including heart disease. Phytonutrients play a key role in this. In particular, apples contain quercetin, catechin, phloridzin and chlorogenic acid, all of which are strong antioxidants. The phytonutrient composition is different depending on the variety of apple and processing them can greatly lower the nutrient content. But with CoralTree’s unprocessed apple cider vinegar, you don’t have to worry about any of that. All our bottles of apple cider vinegar are organic (no harmful chemicals on the apple skins!) and unfiltered (why would we throw all the goodies away?).

CoralTree’s Organic Apple Cider Vinegar is just so rich in phytonutrients that it’s hard to find anyone who wouldn’t benefit from it. And, improving your heart health is just ONE of its many benefits. It needs to be emphasized that apple cider vinegar is not the same as apple cider. It is also not the same as apple juice. The fermentation process that our apples are subjected to helps to bring out and enhance its phytonutrient content, the key to all its powers. It’s just pure delicious health in a bottle that you and your family can enjoy everyday.


T Kondo, M Kishi, T Fushimi, S Ugajin, T Kaga. Vinegar intake reduces body weight, body fat mass, and serum triglyceride levels in obese Japanese subjects. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2009 Aug;73(8):1837-43.

Boyer J, Liu RH. Apple phytochemicals and their health benefits. Nutrition Journal20043:5

  1. Shishehbor, A. Mansoori, A.R. Sarkaki, M.T. Jalali and S.M. Latifi, 2008. Apple Cider Vinegar Attenuates Lipid Profile in Normal and Diabetic Rats. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 2634-2638.

Johnston CS, Gass CA. Vinegar: Medicinal Uses and Antiglycemic Effect. MedGenMed. 2006; 8(2): 61.

Apple Cider Vinegar and Allergies: The Evidence

Apple-Cider-Vinegar-and-Allergy-Prevention_CoralTreeAn apple a day keeps the doctor away. This is such an old adage but still so accurate, even in the modern world. Fermenting that apple into apple cider vinegar? Even better! Vinegar has been used for centuries, all the way back to the time of Hippocrates for its antibacterial and antiviral properties. Fast forward hundreds of years and apple cider vinegar has been proven by modern science to be beneficial for MORE than just that. It can prevent a whole array of diseases including allergies.

So, how does it do that?

Making vinegar involves a long fermentation process that brings out the rich bioactive compounds in the fruit. It increases its innate antioxidant and antimicrobial potency. The food that we eat is so important because the intestines are not just a long tube that digests that food. It also hosts 80-90% of our immune system’s cells. Feeding it with healthy bacteria from fermented sources and plant-nutrients is the best way to keep it in shape.

Apple cider vinegar is effective in keeping the pH of the body balanced. In doing so, it provides an overall cleansing effect and helps to clear out lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are organs in the body where bacteria, viruses, fungi and other toxins accumulate. They are the swellings that you feel in your neck and at the back of your throat during hay fever season or when you become ill. Since allergies are basically a way for the body to get rid of acidic toxins, keeping the body pH balanced, or even slightly alkaline, will help to eliminate allergies. In this way, apple cider vinegar helps to reduce mucus production, sinus congestion and sore throats related to allergic reactions.

And, you know what else?

Apple cider vinegar is not just useful for allergies. The polyphenol compounds in it, such as chlorogenic acid, has been shown to prevent oxidation of the bad cholesterol, LDL, and prevent heart disease. Other studies have shown that the amino acids in unprocessed vinegar reduce inflammation after exercise and reduce muscle damage. Numerous researchers have linked vinegar with improved insulin sensitivity in diabetic patients and more stable blood sugar levels making the disease easier to control. It also helps to curb appetite, which helps them lose weight more effectively. Double win! When used in cooking, vinegar is effective in preventing E. coli and salmonella contamination. The list of benefits just goes on and on.

The healthiest kinds of apple cider vinegars are:

  • Made from organic produce,
  • Unfiltered or unprocessed.

The Environmental Working Group’s ‘Dirty Dozen’ list of produce highlights the 12 fruits and vegetables that have the highest pesticide contamination. Apples, unfortunately, have come out as the number 1 produce on that list for many years running.

As with other foods, the more processed something is, the less beneficial it is for us. Unprocessed apple cider vinegars will have a murky appearance and strand-like substances in the bottle called the ‘mother’. Just how mothers all over bring life into the world, this is also what the mother in the apple cider vinegar does. It’s packed with phytonutrients essential to a vibrant life, full of healthy gut bacteria, proteins and enzymes. Other manufacturers remove the mother because they are scared consumers won’t buy a cloudy-looking product. But, we at CoralTree believe that you deserve only the best.

Apple cider vinegar can protect you and your family from allergies naturally. No more drowsiness from expensive antihistamines. By buying CoralTree’s Organic Apple Cider Vinegar, you are assured that you are getting the finest quality apple cider vinegar. No worrying about toxins from pesticides as only certified organic apples are used in its manufacture. It is naturally fermented and unfiltered, leaving the goodness of the whole apple behind in every bottle.


(1) Budak, N. H., Aykin, E., Seydim, A. C., Greene, A. K. and Guzel-Seydim, Z. B. (2014), Functional Properties of Vinegar. Journal of Food Science, 79: R757–R764

(2) Johnston CS et al. Vinegar Improves Insulin Sensitivity to a High-Carbohydrate Meal in Subjects With Insulin Resistance or Type 2 Diabetes Diabetes Care 2004 Jan; 27(1): 281-282

(3) Ostman E et al. Vinegar supplementation lowers glucose and insulin responses and increases satiety after a bread meal in healthy subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005 Sep;59(9):983-8

(4) Entani E et al. Antibacterial action of vinegar against food-borne pathogenic bacteria including Escherichia coli O157:H7. J Food Prot. 1998 Aug;61(8):953-9.

(5) Yucel S, Karapinar M. Effectiveness of household natural sanitizers in the elimination of Salmonella typhimurium on rocket (Eruca sativa Miller) and spring onion (Allium cepa L.). Int J Food Microbiol. 2005 Feb 15;98(3):319-23.

(6) Schwalfenberg G. The Alkaline Diet: Is There Evidence That an Alkaline pH Diet Benefits Health? J Environ Public Health. 2012; 2012: 727630.

(7) Warrington R et al. An introduction to immunology and immunopathology. Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology20117(Suppl 1):S1

(8) (2016). EWG’s Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 May 2016].

Feeling Great: Apple Cider Vinegar and Acid-Alkaline Balance

Balance. Doesn’t it seem to be the thing we are all searching for?

Balancing work and play, healthy eating and that good-looking cake, the ups and downs, high and lows the good with the bad. But when we find those moments of balance and flow doesn’t everything feel…well, better?

Our bodies sure think so. The health of your body and skin is directly linked to maintaining the right balance between acidity and alkalinity.

CoralTree believes in the restorative quality of Apple Cider Vinegar. It assists our bodies in achieving a harmonious pH balance. A pH-balanced body is better able to achieve homeostasis–the body’s state of being able to function and heal at optimal level.

pH101: Finding Balance

pH stands for “potential hydrogen” and is used to describe the acid-alkaline ratio of a substance. It ranges from 0 (the most acidic) to 14 (the most alkaline). It’s the amount of positively charged hydrogen ions (acid) and negatively charged hydroxyl ions (alkaline) we carry.

We don’t say acid bad, alkaline good.
PH varies throughout your body. Our bodies deal with alkaline and acid substances all the time – we wouldn’t be alive without them. Some areas are more acidic to keep bacteria away, such as your skin. Hydrochloric acid in the stomach breaks down food. But life is a balancing act. For optimal cellular health, your blood pH must be slightly alkaline with a pH of just under 7.4.

But we bombard our bodies with things that raise our acid levels: stress, lifestyle choices, environment, chemicals and food. A diet high in acid foods, such as sugar, meats, grains and coffee cause an improper pH balance in our tissues. If pH levels stay high over a long period normal cell structure and function are damaged

The effects on the body include:

  • inflammation,
  • nutrient loss,
  • microbes, fungus and yeast all proliferate,
  • and could cause problems with the body’s electrical systems that affect our cellular regeneration.

How ACV can help

It seems strange. Vinegar is a diluted acid. It’s that acetic acid that you can taste and smell. But it has a very different effect on the body than a high acid food such as sugar.

The acetic acid in apple cider vinegar actually is alkaline-forming in the body. when the acv has been fully metabolized and its minerals are dissociated in the bloodstream, the effect is alkalizing

ACV is also full of phytochemicals (beneficial compounds in plants) that scientists are now discovering can be our strongest weapons against cancer.

Like other acids, acetic acid can increase your body’s absorption of important minerals from the foods you eat

5 ways to use CoralTree ACV for acid-alkaline balance

  1. Start your day with a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar in water with a splash of lemon and some honey to sweeten. This daily tonic will put a spring in your step by cleansing your digestive system, firing up your metabolism, and neutralising excess acids.
  2. Cola cravings? Try the AppleBee range for the refreshing flavour without all that acid-producing sugar.
  3. Drinking a mild tonic of vinegar and water just before meals will improve your body’s ability to absorb the essential minerals locked in foods. Apple cider vinegar helps you get more out of your leafy greens! Try adding a splash to your green smoothies.
  4. Apple cider vinegar is a great all-round ingredient in the kitchen a great salad dressing and delicious drizzled over cooked greens. You can even make a vinegar-based coleslaw, rather than the usual mayonnaise-based one. Great on fish and a good tenderising marinade for meat.
  5. Adding a dash of vinegar into your cooking increases flavours and lessens the need to add (acid-causing) salt. The sourness balances out sweet or salty flavours and can make the flavours in your dish really pop.


Want to know more about Acid-Alkaline balance? We’ve found these all really helpful?

  • The Ultimate pH Solution by Michelle Schoffro-Cook
  • The Acid-Akaline Diet for Optimum Health by Christopher Vasey
  • Healing is Voltage by Jerry Tennant